FoundationDesign processDesign processTech stackFoundationStarting pointsand assumptionsFundamental rightsand valuesSocio-economicconsiderationsGovernanceand oversightTech stackContext layersTech layersData and algorithmsProtocols and standardsSecurityServiceTech stack:context layersInfrastructureEquipmentFirmware and driversOperating systemApplication layerTech stack:tech layersCitizen perspectiveCitizen perspective

The Public Stack

Each layer of the technology stack has its own designers, builders and organisational forms. This means that there is a slightly different dynamic between stakeholders at each layer, and therefore different possibilities for intervention and supervision.    

» You can click on each of the layers to learn more….